How to Execute Tax Refund Garnishments for Past Due Rent

So you have a judgment against a tenant for not paying rent, now what?
You might have heard of tax refund garnishments for past due rent but unsure of how the process works.
Executing the judgment is by far the hardest part of the collection process, especially considering some states restrictions.
For example, New York does not allow you to freeze a bank account unless there is at least $2500 in it and every state restricts your ability to garnish wages on someone who is on welfare or employed by the federal government.
For these reasons, often a tax refund garnishment is the easiest and best way to collect on your judgment.

8 Steps to Execute a Tax Refund Garnishment for Past Due Rent

  1. Check with the local court, where you filed your judgment, to see if your state allows this type of garnishment.
  2. Most states only allow you to file within a certain window. In Michigan for example, the filing dates are from November 1st to December 31st.
  3. File early; this type of garnishment is first-come-first-serve.
  4. Be prepared to file with the tenant’s name, social security number, and last known address.
  5. Complete the Non-periodic Garnishment form and pay the court fees (typically between $15 and $20 depending on the jurisdiction).
  6. Send the completed form, now stamped by the court, to the state via certified mail.
  7. Also send the defendant (tenant) a copy of the completed form using their last known address, which may or may not be correct. Since it is not “service required” you do not need proof that they received it, only that you sent it.
  8. Wait for tax season!

Using collection agencies and attorneys for a wage garnishment is always an option, but a tax refund garnishment is by far the most effective method I’ve seen so far.
I’ve personally spoken with over a dozen landlords in the past few months who have had success with this method and would adamantly recommend tax refund garnishments to every landlord.
Landlord Tip: In my experience, having owned a licensed collection agency, I would not recommend spending any money on wage garnishments as they are so rarely successful.
If you’re stuck on the idea, find an attorney or collection agency that will work on a contingency basis. There’s no sense in spending good money to chase bad money.